Exploratory Expedition, January - May, 1774
About this Manuscript About the Expedition About the Author Reading Suggestions español
Calendar Index
Diary of Juan Bautista de Anza
January 9, 1774 - May 27, 1774
his document is the diary of Captain Juan Bautista de Anza of his exploratory expedition to find a route between Sonora and Alta California (January 8 to May 27, 1774), beginning at the Royal Presidio of San Ignacio de Tubac in what is today southern Arizona, and ending at the Royal Presidio of San Carlos de Monterey in Alta California. The diary also gives the story of the return trip to Tubac. Captain Anza was the expedition leader and signed the diary as such. The purpose of the diary, which his scribe compiled from notes at Tubac upon their return from California, was to make an official report to the Viceroy of New Spain, Antonio María Bucareli y Ursua, and ultimately the King of Spain, Charles III. This edition is based upon Herbert E. Bolton's English translation of the diary in Anza's California Expeditions, Volume II, 1931.

Story Highlights:

Preliminaries First Page
From Tubac to Caborca January 8, 1774
Through the Papagueria January 22, 1775
Through the Yuma Country February 5, 1774
Across the Desert February 13, 1775
To Monterrey and Back to the Colorado April 10, 1774
Up the Gila and Home May 11, 1774

Juan Bautista de Anza

Drawn from a portrait in oil
attributed to Fray Orsi in 1774. From Z.S. Eldredge History of California, 1915.

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